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More than two million jobs returned when lockdown eased in 2020 – but hunger persists (my DM op-ed on NIDS-CRAM W3)

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What these results show is the reality that a jobs bounce-back for one part of the country can coexist with worsening deprivation in another part. We can have both more jobs and more hunger at the same time.

Today we released the latest results of our nationally representative survey – the National Income Dynamics Study Coronavirus Rapid Mobile Survey (NIDS-CRAM) Wave 3. For once the results are very encouraging. 

In 2020 we reported that during the hard lockdown 2.8 million people had lost their jobs between February and April. We now find that by October 2.1 million people had found employment, taking employment much closer to their pre-pandemic levels. 

As I’ll explain below, this was not only a case of job-losers regaining their lost jobs.  In fact, research by Gabriel Espi, Vimal Ranchhod and Murray Leibbrandt show that only half of “job-losers” regained employment with the remainder made up from those who were previously unemployed. Among those that had no job in February pre-pandemic, a third were now employed by October 2020. This reveals a labour market in flux and also points to the resilience and dynamism of job seekers doing everything they can to find work in a “new normal”.  

What is unique about the NIDS-CRAM survey is the high frequency of data collection. From March 2020 we surveyed more than 7,000 people, phoning them every two to three months and asking them a range of questions about whether they were employed (or earned any income from anything) in February, April, June and October. 

What the Wave 3 data show is that in 2020 being in flux was the norm. Figure 1 below shows the percentages of people in 2020 that were “Never employed”, “Always employed”, and “Sometimes employed” (at least once across the four periods). It shows that across age categories and levels of education about 40% of respondents were neither stably employed nor stably unemployed, but rather that they had a job at least once, but not always. That is a remarkable finding.

Figure 1 and 2 also show that the probability of stable employment depends strongly on age and education, with youth in an especially precarious position. Only 10% of youth (18-24 years) were always employed in 2020 and at least half (53%) were never employed in 2020. Those with tertiary education were also far more protected against job loss or precarious employment. 

In their paper, Gabriel Espi and his co-authors also found that 2020 employment outcomes are strongly influenced by employment history over the past seven years. The stably employed historically tend to retain their jobs while the persistently unemployed remain unemployed. The transient employed tend to repeat their pattern of finding and losing jobs.

Our survey also asks respondents about their wellbeing and the wellbeing of those in their household. 

Of most concern is that we see rates of hunger, and especially child hunger, rising over time. Mental health is also deteriorating. The percentage of respondents experiencing hunger in the past week because they didn’t have enough money to buy food increased from 16% in July to 18% in November 2020. The increase was even larger for child hunger rising from 12% in July to 16% in November 2020, with the sharpest increase for households with black African children (from 13% to 19% weekly hunger). 

This should be of major concern. 

Similarly, the percentage of the population screening positive for depressive symptoms has now increased from 24% to 29% of the population, with the sharpest increases seen for those experiencing perpetual hunger, ie those reporting hunger “every day”.

What these results show is the reality that a jobs bounce-back for one part of the country can co-exist with worsening deprivation in another part. We can have both more jobs and more hunger at the same time. 

This is the reason the grant system and talk of a Basic Income Grant are so important. Even before the pandemic, South Africa had 10 million people who wanted work, but couldn’t find it. There is no conceivable world where all of these people get jobs. For some perspective, it took us a decade to create 2.4 million jobs (2009-2019). What we are seeing is that more economic growth and more social grants are the left-right combo South Africa needs to move forward. One without the other won’t work.

//

All 11 NIDS-CRAM Wave 3 Papers are available here: https://cramsurvey.org/reports/#wave-3

This article first appeared on the Daily Maverick on 17 Feb 2021 – see here.

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EDUCATION

Ekiti State University (EKSU) Fees Payment Links for 2020/2021 Newly Admitted Students

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Ekiti State University (EKSU) fees payment links for the 2020/2021 academic session newly admitted students.

EKSU Fees Payment Links

The management of the Ekiti State University (EKSU) has published the links for the payment of fees by the students offered provisional admission during the 2020/2021 academic session.


EKSU Fees Payment Links

Acceptance fees

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Agricultural Science

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Arts

Click here

School fees for College of Medicine

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Education

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Engineering

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Law

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Management Science

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Science

Click here

School fees for Faculty of Social Science

Click here

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Afe Babalola University Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD) Pre-Degree, JUPEB/Foundation Admission Form for 2021/2022 Academic Session

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ABUAD pre-degree and JUPEB/Foundation programmes admission form is out. The Afe Babalola International Study Centre (ABIC), Ibadan, Oyo State is now selling admission forms into its Pre-Degree and Degree Foundation (JUPEB) programmes for the 2021/2022 academic session. Continue reading below…

Afe Babalola University Pre-Degree and JUPEB admission form

Applications are invited from suitably qualified candidates for admission into the Afe Babalola University (ABUAD) Pre-Degree and Degree foundation (JUPEB) programmes for the 2021/2022 academic year.

ABUAD Pre-degree programme (9 Months – Admission into 100 Level) and ABUAD Degree Foundation programme (18 Months-Direct Entry into 200 Level) are runned by the Afe Babalola International Study Centre, Ibadan, Oyo State.

Afe Babalola International Study Centre Programmes

1. Pre-Degree Programmes:

The Pre-degree Programme offers a unique opportunity to students who intend to further their studies at Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti (ABUAD). Through the programme, they are intensively prepared for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME). The pre-degree programme exempts our students from the POST-UTME of Afe Babalola University. It has served as a gateway for students who have long been waiting for university admission. The transition rate to the university has been between 95%-98% since inception. Candidates who wrote ABUAD post-utme and were not admitted enjoy the benefit of AUTOMATIC ADMISSION directly from the University. Duration is 9months.

2. Degree Foundation Programme:

The Degree Foundation Programme is mainly designed for candidates who have satisfied the minimum university admission requirement, that is, five O’Level credit passes at a sitting or six O’Level credit passes at two sittings including English Language, mathematics and other relevant subjects.

This programme through The Joint Universities Preliminary Examination Board (JUPEB) or The Cambridge Advanced Level admits directly to 200Level except for Law at Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti (ABUAD) and other universities in Nigeria. The Cambridge Advanced Level programme provides an enhanced opportunity for overseas admission also to 200Level. Annually, with over 95% success rate, this programme opens the gate to Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti (ABUAD) and other universities in Nigeria. Duration is 12months.

How to Apply for ABUAD Pre-Degree and JUPEB Admission

Visit Afe Babalola International Study Centre, Ibadan, Oyo State to collect Form.

or

1. Click Here to download the application form.

2. Print out the form and complete it

3. Pay the sum of N10,500 into any of the following banks

a. ZENITH BANK
ACCOUNT NAME: AFE BABALOLA INTERNATIONAL STUDY CENTRE
ACCOUNT NUMBER: 1012465874
OR
b. WEMA BANK
ACCOUNT NAME: AFE BABALOLA INTERNATIONAL STUDY CENTRE
ACCOUNT NUMBER: 0122810075

4. Scan the bank teller and completed form with your passport attached to it to this email address: apply@abisc.org.ng cc isofowora@yahoo.co.uk

5. The subject of the mail must be the Full Name Of The Candidate

6. NOTE: Any application form not accompanied with scanned evidence of payment would NOT be treated

For more enquires call:
08165747405
08057606073
08034231454
08039499723

For information about the form call 07069086779 or email info@abisc.org.ng

Our lines are available for enquires between 8am and 6pm please

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EDUCATION

Afe Babalola University Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD) Post UTME / Direct Entry Screening Form for 2021/2022 Academic Session [UPDATED]

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ABUAD post UTME form is out. The management of the Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD), Ekiti State, is now selling applications forms for admission into its undergraduate programmes for the 2021/2022 academic session. Application is open to UTME and Direct entry candidates. See more details below.

ABUAD Post UTME form

Applications are invited from suitably qualified candidates for admission into the Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti (ABUAD) various undergraduate programmes for the 2021/2022 academic session.

(1) COLLEGE OF LAW

  • B Law – 5years

(2) COLLEGE OF MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES


  • Medicine and Surgery (M.B.B.S) – 6 years,
  • B. NSc. Nursing Sciences – 5 years
  • B. MLS. Medical Laboratory Science – 5 years
  • B. Sc. Anatomy – 4 years
  • B. Sc. Physiology – 4 years
  • B. Sc. Human Nutrition and Dietetics – 4 years
  • B. Sc. Pharmacology – 4 years
  • B. Sc. Public Health – 4 years
  • Pharm D. Pharmacy – 6 years
  • B. DS. Dentistry – 6 years
  • OD. Optometry – 6 years

(4) COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING (5 years)

  • B. Eng. Mechanical Engineering
  • B. Eng. Mechatronic Engineering
  • B. Eng. Electrical/ Electronic Engineering
  • B. Eng. Petroleum Engineering
  • B. Eng. Civil Engineering
  • B. Eng. Chemical Engineering
  • B. Eng. Computer Engineering
  • B. Eng. Agricultural Engineering
  • B. Eng. Biomedical Engineering
  • B. Eng. Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering

NB: College has 37 Laboratories and is acknowledged as Template for Engineering Education in Nigeria. The College has also won international competitions for invention in Seattle, US and London, England.

(5) COLLEGE OF SCIENCES (4 years)

  • B. Sc. Microbiology
  • B. Sc. Human Biology
  • B. Sc. Biotechnology
  • B. Sc. Biochemistry
  • B. Sc. Chemistry
  • B. Sc. Industrial Chemistry
  • B. Sc. Computer Science
  • B. Sc.Geology.
  • B. Sc. Physics with Electronics
  • B. Sc. Physics
  • B. Sc. Petroleum Chemistry
  • B. Arch Architecture (4 years)

(6) COLLEGE OF SOCIAL AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES (4 years)

  • B. Sc. Economics
  • B. Sc. Accounting
  • B. Sc. Banking and Finance
  • B. Sc. Business Administration
  • B. Sc. Tourism and Events Management.
  • B. Sc. Political Science
  • B. Sc. International Relations and Diplomacy
  • B. Sc. Peace and Conflict Studies
  • B. Sc. Intelligence and Security Studies
  • B. Sc. Social Justice
  • B. Sc. Communication and Media Studies
  • B. Sc. Marketing
  • B. Sc. Entrepreneurship
  • B. Sc. Sociology

(7) COLLEGE OF ARTS AND HUMANITIES (4 years)

  • B. A. Performing Arts
  • B. A. English
  • B. A. History and International Studies
  • B. A. Linguistics

(8) COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE (5 years)

  • B. Agric. Animal Science
  • B. Agric. Agricultural Economics
  • B. Agric. Extension Education
  • B. Agric. Crop Science
  • B. Agric. Soil Science

ABUAD Admission Requirements

  • Current Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) Result
  • Five O’Level (WAEC, NECO, GCE, NABTEB and IGCSE) Credit passes at one sitting to include English Language, Mathematics, Literature in English, and any other 2 Social Sciences or Arts Subjects are required for admission into College of Law.
  • Five O’Level(WAEC, NECO, GCE, NABTEB and IGCSE) Credit passes at one sitting to include English Language, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics and Biology are required for admission into the MBBS and Nursing Science Programmes.
  • Other Programmes: Five O’Level (WAEC, NECO, GCE, NABTEB and IGCSE) Credit Passes at not more than two sittings to include English Language, Mathematics and three (3) other subjects relevant to course of study.
  • Results of PAST Unified Tertiary Matriculations Examinations (UTME) are not allowed.

How to Apply for ABUAD Post UTME / Undergraduate Admission Screening

ONLINE APPLICATION FOR UNDERGRADUATE

  1. Click on http://admission.abuad.edu.ng/to fill the online form and make an online payment.
  2. If the application is made online, then, you have the opportunity to write your POST UTME TEST ONLINE.
    • Download the Application Form Online on the University Website: abuad.edu.ng
  3. You can also purchase forms at the designated Centres listed below.
    • If the application is made through options (2) and (3), then you will not have the opportunity to do your POST UTME TEST ONLINE BUT AT A DESIGNATED CENTRE AND DATE.

PURCHASE OF ADMISSION APPLICATION FORM

  • Candidate who chose ABUAD in the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) are to pay the sum of N2,000 for Admission Application Form and N5,000 as Screening Fee into any of the under-listed Banks with ABUAD Undergraduate Account Number while Direct Entry and Inter-University Transfer application forms is N10,500 each which is to be paid to same under-listed Banks.

CHANGE OF INSTITUTION

  • Candidates who did not choose Afe Babalola University (ABUAD) in the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) are also qualified to participate in the Post UTME screening by purchasing a change of institution form from the University at a cost of N3,500 which is in addition to the N2,000 for Admission Application Form and N5000 as Screening Fee from any of the under-listed banks. Please note that a Change of Institution form from JAMB is also a requirement.
  • Candidates awaiting SSCE results or its equivalent can also apply for admission provided they qualify when results are available.

DESIGNATED BANK ACCOUNTS FOR UNDERGRADUATE ADMISSION FORM

  • Union Bank Plc – 0061954679
  • Fidelity Bank Plc – 5080051231
  • Sterling Bank Plc – 0064784459
  • WEMA Bank Plc – 0122718841

DESIGNATED SELLING POINTS OF UNDERGRADUATE FORMS

  • ONLINE ON http://admission.abuad.edu.ng/
  • MAIN CAMPUS: AFE BABALOLA UNIVERSITY [ABUAD], ADO-EKITI, KM 8.5, AFE BABALOLA WAY, ADO-EKITI, EKITI STATE.
  • IBADAN OFFICE, EMMANUEL CHAMBERS: 80, FAJUYI ROAD EKOTEDO, IBADAN.
  • ABUJA OFFICE: EMMANUEL HOUSE, 24, MADEIRA STREET, IMANI ESTATE, MAITAMA, ABUJA.
  • LAGOS OFFICE: EMMANUEL HOUSE, PLOT 1, BLOCK 4, CMD/JUBILEE ROAD, MAGODO GRA, LAGOS.
  • PORT-HARCOURT OFFICE: EMMANUEL CHAMBERS, NO 43, WOGU STREET D/LINE, PORTHARCOURT, RIVERS STATE.
  • WARRI: MONTESSORI INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, 66, AIRPORT ROAD, OPPOSITE DELTA CAREER COLLEGE, WARRI.

NOTE: Bank Tellers or proof of payments are to be presented at the designated selling centers for collection of Application Forms. Application Forms will also be available on the day of screening at the Screening Centre.

INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

NB: International Applicants are required to forward their academic transcripts to the following email addresses;

  1. reg _christieoluborode@abuad.edu.ng
  2. admissioninfo@abuad.edu.ng

FOR FURTHER ENQUIRIES

  1. Visit http://abuad.edu.ng or send an email to admissioninfo@abuad.edu.ng OR
  2. Send a letter to the Office of the Registrar, Afe Babalola University [ABUAD], Ado-Ekiti. OR
  3. Call the following numbers: 08127772121, 08152970484, 08152970475, 09011673845, 09011574312 and 08033509150.

RECOMMENDED: List of Schools Whose Post UTME Forms are Out.

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